In the contemporary society, there are various issues that tend to be very controversial yet essential for human existence. One of such issues is related to genetically modified organism (GMO) that is used in food production. GMOs are the organisms that were altered through genetic engineering for the improvement of their qualities and consequent different use in the human life. They are often used for food and industrial purposes. The aim of this paper is to explore the issue of genetically modified organisms from the contemporary perspective and outline their pros and cons. In this regard, attention is paid
Essays about Nature
Example Of The Complexity Of Genetically Modified Organisms Research Paper
Essay On The Raven and Ode to the West Wind Comparative Paper
The theme of love is often presented in the works of many great poets. Thus, love theme is clearly manifested in the poems “The Raven” and “Ode to the West Wind” written by Edgar Allan Poe and Percy Bysshe Shelley correspondently. Though the plots of these poems are quite different they are still connected with the theme of love. Thus, Shelley in his poem praises the wind and expresses his love for nature. Poe’s poem in its turn reveals the theme of undying love and devotion.
Thus, in the poem “Ode to the West Wind” the speaker glorifies nature as well as the power it has. It is clear that the speaker is fascinated by the constructive and at the same time destructive power of the wind. Therefore, the poet states: “Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; / Destroyer and preserver; hear, oh hear!” (Shelley). The poet believes that the wind may bring a lot of changes in the life of nature as it embodies death and rebirth at the same time. Furthermore, the speaker’s love for nature is evident due to the fact that one wants to become the part of it. Thus, the speaker claims, “Sweet though in sadness. Be thou, Spirit fierce, / My spirit! Be thou me, impetuous one!” (Shelley). Poe’s poem, on the contrary, is dedicated to the feelings of a human who has lost his beloved. From the beginning of the poem it is clear that the speaker mourned over his beloved and couldn't find the reason for being without her. Thus, he states, “Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow/ From my books surcease of sorrow – sorrow for the lost Lenore” (Poe). The speaker was so preoccupied with his grief that at first he didn't notice raven that came into his house. He hopped that the raven would help him to move on. He asked the bird if he would ever be able to reunite with Leonore but the answer was always the same: “Nevermore” (Poe). The speaker had to admit that the raven would stay with him forever so as his memories of his beloved. All in all, it is possible to say that the theme of undying love plays the central role in the poem.
It should be noted that both poems are marked by the use of symbolism. Thus, in the “Ode to the West Wind” the wind serves as the main symbol of the poem. It is perceived by the author as the main force of changes that appear in nature. He treats it as the living force and personifies the wind calling it “O Wild West Wind” (Poe). The speaker believes that the wind has a great power and through the whole poem expresses his fascination by it. One of the major symbols of Poe’s poem is the raven itself. The raven is strongly connected with the main theme of the novel as it symbolizes the speaker’s grief as well as his eternal love and sincere feelings for his beloved. Thus, the speaker understands that he will never be able to reconnect with his love Leonore, but at the same time he realizes that his love for her will always stay with him.
It is also worth of note that both poems have a remarkable number of stylistic devices that contribute to the main meaning of the poems and make them more expressive. Thus, in order to show creative and destructive power of wind in “The Ode to the West Wind” Shelley used a lot of contrasts, calling the wind “destroyer” and “preserver”. The author also used personification (O wild West Wind) treating the wind as the living force. Poe’s poem is marked by an extensive use of epithets such as weary, bleak, sad, grim and others. The usage of epithets contributes to gloomy atmosphere of the poem and emphasizes the speaker’s grief of love.
Shelley, Percy Bysshe. “Ode to the West Wind”. PoetryFoundation. Web. 26 Jul. 2015
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Raven”. PoetryFoundation. Web. 26 Jul. 2015
Free Essay About Challenges And Most Effective Measures In Feeding Such A Rapidly Expanding Population
Challenges and Most Effective Measures in Feeding Such a Rapidly Expanding Population
The total number of humans on Earth is extremely increasing. The medicine and healthcare development provided an opportunity to lessen the rates of death in 19th and 20th centuries which led to significant grown of population. The population of Earth has already beaten the record of 7 billion and, according to UN projections, 11 billion is expected in 2100 due to high rate of birth in Africa. Other researches state that 9 billion is possible in 2100 and then the rate of birth will be stabilized. The demographic boom in some of the less developed countries contrasted with aging
Anthropology: The Action Of Giving A Gift Essay Sample
Cultural expectations and meaning laden the tendency of giving a gift to another person. In fact, western culture debates the fact that gifts lack an attachment in the future where the recipient has an obligation to reciprocate and emulate the actions of the person who gave the gift in the first place. The assertion in western culture and many other cultures around the world is that gifts are symbolic of sincere appreciation and gratitude in light of the varying relationships that people have. In fact, the culture of giving and receiving gifts began early in the history of intercultural
The Tension Between Democracy And Capitalist Research Paper Sample
There is no doubt that the society is more democratic than before. Today, about two-thirds of the world hold free and relatively fair elections (Reich par. 1). At the same time, capitalism has spread far and wide in many parts of the world. There is a belief that capitalism and democracy are synergetic in nature with each strengthening the other. Perhaps this was the case until the 2008 collapse of the financial system in America that triggered economic and political crisis across the globe (Streeck par. 1). The extended conflicts and continued in the war era may have fuelled
Essay On Analyzing The Balance Sheet Of Make-A-Wish Foundation
Make-A-Wish Foundation is a non-profit organization founded in the US which grants wishes to children suffering from life threatening illnesses. The foundation’s vision is to make every eligible child’s wish to come true for which they provide a series of experiences for them. The foundation is 501c3 non-profit organization in the Unites States and is tax-exempt under the Internal Revenue Code. This paper examines the Annual Report of the foundation for the year 2014 and analysis whether it complies with FASB’s Statement of Financial Accounting, Standard No. 117.
According to Financial Accounting Standards Board [FASB] (1993), FAS 117 requires “that all not-for-profit organizations provide a statement of financial position, a statement of activities, and a statement of cash flows.” On analysis of Make-A-Wish Foundation’s Annual Report, all requirements seem to have been complied with. The Net Assets have been classified into the three categories viz. permanently restricted, temporarily restricted and unrestricted categories in the statement of activities and displayed in the statement of financial Position as is required by FASB (1993) that, “the amounts for each of three classes of net assets viz. permanently restricted, temporarily restricted, and unrestricted should be displayed in the statement of financial position. Further, the amounts of change in each of those classes of net assets should be shown in the statement of activities.”
The annual report also provides a separate statement of functional expenses totaling $ 277,334,525 which is complaint with FASB’s ruling that “the non-profit organization should provide information about expenses by (a) functional classification, (b) natural classification, (c) either functional or natural classification at the option of the organization or (d) both functional and natural classification” (Make-A-Wish, 2014, p.6).
FASB (1993) also requires that in order for the financial statements to be useful, data must be simplified, condensed, and aggregated into meaningful totals. The foundation’s financial statements provide a concise view of material transactions which are essential for the stakeholders to use. It also provides condensed and understandable notes to the financial statements which are essentially required by FAS 117. Further, the Board believes that reporting assets, liabilities, items of revenue, expenses, gains and losses into reasonably homogenous groups enhances the usefulness of financial information provided. This has been kept in mind by the foundation while preparing its annual financial statements. The notes to financial statements present that the contributions made have been segregated into seven categories and received into time-based categories. Classification of gains and losses on permanent endowments are in consistence with the Board's fundamental conclusions for contributions received. Similarly, property and assets have been classified into homogenous groups as well.
Aggregate totals have been correctly made for operations and activities of the organization in its financial statements which is as provided by FASB. Cash and Cash equivalents have been classified into operating, investing and financial activities just like a business concern as the Board feels that comparability is enhanced if same classifications are used. Change in net assets depicted in the statement of activities is also in correspondence with FAS 117.
The financial statements of Make-A-Wish foundation “provide useful information that appropriately reflects the economics of the entity’s activities, resources and obligations” (“Not-For –Profits,” 2015). The organization follows “accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the US” (Make-A-Wish, 2014, p.7). Thus, they are in compliance with FASB’s ruling 117.
Financial Accounting Standards Board. (1993).
Make-A-Wish Foundation of America and Related Entities (2014). Annual Report [PDF document]. Retrieved from http://wish.org/about-us/making-a-difference/managing-funds
Not-For-Profits. (2015). Retrieved July 26, 2015 from http://www.fasb.org/jsp/FASB/Page/BridgePage&cid=1351027226246
Essay On The Structure Of The International System
At the present time, much emphasis of the discussion over the system of the international relations is on the topic that it is unjust at its root and, as a result, promotes under-development. Throughout the history of human development and the world system formation, "the natural systems that have supported human life on the planet are being stretched, some to breaking point. What science has been telling us for decades is now making itself felt in the most unmistakable ways" (McDonagh, 2013, p. 1). In fact, long before the development of the system of international relations and world economy, every individual and every group used to improve their living conditions through exploiting the natural resources which have always belonged to them. "Every continent independently participated in the early epochs of the extension of man’s control over his environment – which means in effect that every continent can point to a period of economic development" (Rodney & Babu, 1981. p. 2-3).
But what do we have today? Let's take a look at Africa, which is the original home of a human being. This continent "was a major participant in the processes in which human groups displayed an ever increasing capacity to extract a living from the natural environment" (Rodney & Babu, 1981. p. 3-4). However, in the modern world., the majority of African countries are considered to be the third-world countries, suffering from starvation and having no prospects for development.
Therefore, the main point of this essay is to prove that the current structure of the international system is inherently unfair, creates inequalities , and benefits only the most advanced and developed nations.
Not only prominent economists and doctors of sociology are concerned about the inequality promoted by the current structure of the international system, but also other men of outstanding personality, including political and religious leaders, express their concern about this issue. For instance, Pope Francis (2013), asserted that "Human rights are not only violated by terrorism, repression or assassination, but also by unfair economic structures that creates huge inequalities".
Speaking from the perspective of economic opportunities, it should be noted that the process of globalization affects various states in different ways and the undeveloped countries do not experience all the benefits of this process as compared to the developed nations. "Inequality in this context refers to an unequal distribution of benefits and losses under the uneven process of a globalized world" (Ashaver, 2013, p. 34).
The fundamental problem of the international system is that the benefits of globalization cannot be distributed evenly around the world. The majority of industrial sectors of the developed nations benefit from international trade and make huge profits by means of the influx of skilled labor from abroad, international funding. In the meantime, the majority of developing nations lose their competitiveness or simply become unnecessary. It is obvious that these forgotten industries need time, money, and physical resources to adjust to the new conditions of life within the international economic system.
However, this process of renewal and restoration is impossible for the majority of industries in the third-world and developing countries. As a result, owners end up losing money and their business overall, and common people end up losing their jobs. These changes deeply and profoundly hurt the national economies of each country, causing great changes in the economic structure and increasing the unemployment rate.
As of today, the structure of the international system also provides for the de-industrialization of the economy, which basically means that manufacturing sector loses ground, while the arena is left to the thriving service sector. As a result, workers have to go through the process of professional retraining in order to find a place in this changing global system.
What is more, the current international system creates a large gap between skilled and unskilled employees. Of course, skilled workers' salary increases significantly, while the unskilled ones get paid peanuts or even lose their source of income. Although some economists argue that such inequality is a powerful incentive for employees to train, develop and acquire a new qualification, it definitely gives rise to unemployment.
Such inequality of economic opportunities causes significant wage disparities, particularly in the developing world. For instance, "Brazil has one of the most unequal distribution of income - the top 20% of the population receives 26 times the income of the bottom 20%" (United Nations Development Programme, 1992, p. 22).
Continuing this topic, it should be noted that "inequality is also manifested in the fast-growing gap between the worlds rich and poor people and between the developed and developing countries, and in the large differences among nations in the distribution of gains and losses" (Ashaver, 2013, p. 34).
Another major point of concern regarding the current international system is the flows of international migration. In pursuit of better living, many unskilled and unqualified workers move from the undeveloped countries to the developed states. There is no need to explain that their salary differs significantly from that of the country residents.
The majority of governments of the developed nations impose severe restrictions and barriers in order to restrict immigration flows. "It is clearly unrealistic to expect that industrial countries will greatly lower their immigration barriers" (United Nations Development Programme, 1992, p. 6).
Another major issue associated with the international migrations is the labor standars and working conditions the immigrants have to operate in. In fact, in recent years, "international labor standards have become the newest point of contention in trade disputes between industrial and developing countries" (Golub, 1997, p. 20). A lot immigrant workers have to work in unfavorable working conditions, work excess hours in order to earn a living. What is more, many multinational corporations employ young children and make them work up to 12-14 hours a day.
As to international investment, it should be noted that the allocation of investment also seems to be extremely unfair. The undeveloped nations, as a general rule, receive no or little investment as compared to the developed nations. "Why have these countries attracted so little investment? The major reason is that investment is generally more profitable in rich countries than in poor ones" (United Nations Development Programme, 1992, p. 53).
It is obvious that international investment is one of the key elements for successful and productive development for the third-world countries. As a result, "where the international economic system is hostile to investment in new, productivity enhancing economic activities is where its elements create obstacles to development" (Montes, 2014, p.2).
According to former Secretary-General of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev (2001), "We could only solve our problems by cooperating with other countries. It would have been paradoxical not to cooperate". For the purpose of solving the abovementioned issues of promoting under-development, various international organizations and institution, including IMF, the World Bank, GATT, and WTO, have been established. However, having regard to the fact that the issues of under-development still exist and that the gap between developed and developing nations is widening year by year, there are some questions that need to be answered.
In his research "Globalization, Development, and International Institutions: Normative and Positive Perspectives", A. Milner clearly stated the three key questions that still remain without answer: "Would the developing countries have been better off if these institutions had not existed? Would resources for aid and crisis management have been as plentiful or more so if they had not existed? Would globalization have occurred as fast and extensively, or even faster and deeper, if these international institutions had not been present?" (Milner, 2005. p. 834).
Ashaver, B., 2013. Poverty, Inequality and Underdevelopment in Third World Countries: Bad State Policies or Bad Global Rules? IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science [Online], 15(6), 33–38. Available from: <http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/vol15-issue6/f01563338.pdf?id=7752> [Accessed 19 Jul. 2015].
Golub, S., 1997. Are International Labor Standards Needed to Prevent Social Dumping? Finance & Development [Online], 20-23. Available from: <https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1997/12/pdf/golub.pdf> [Accessed 22 Jul. 2015].
McDonagh, T., 2013. Unfair, Unsustainable, and Under the Radar: How Corporations Use Global Investment Rules to Undermine a Sustainable Future. Democracyctr.Org [Online], 1-18. Available from: <http://democracyctr.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/under_the_radar_english_final.pdf> [Accessed 20 Jul. 2015].
Milner, H., 2005. Globalization, Development, and International Institutions: Normative and Positive Perspectives. Perspectives on Politics [Online], 3(4), 833–854. Available from: <http://faculty.georgetown.edu/jrv24/milner_05.pdf> [Accessed 23 Jul. 2015].
Montes, M.F., 2014. Obstacles to Development Arising from the International System . In Obstacles to Development in the Global Economic System . Geneva: South Centre, pp. 1–29.
Rodney, W. & Babu, A.M., 1981. Some Questions on Development. In How Europe underdeveloped Africa. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, pp. 1–432.
PSB, 2001. Mikhail Gorbachev Interview. PBS.Org. [Online] (updated 23 Apr. 2001) Available from: <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/minitext/int_mikhailgorbachev.html> [Accessed 24 Jul. 2015].
The Guardian, 2013. Pope Francis: the humble pontiff with practical approach to poverty. [Online] (updated 14 Mar. 2013) Available from: <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/mar/13/jorge-mario-bergoglio-pope-poverty> [Accessed 20 Jul. 2015].
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 1992. The widening gap in global opportunities . In Human development report 1992. New York: [Oxford University Press] for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) [Online] Available from: <http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/221/hdr_1992_en_complete_nostats.pdf> [Accessed 20 Jul. 2015].
How To Lessen America’s Fossil Fuel Dependence? Essays Example
The United States of America is one of the leading countries where fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas are used to satisfy more or less 80% of the energy needs. Fossil fuels are utilized extensively for heating homes, running vehicles, providing power to the industrial sector, and for other significant purposes, especially the provision of electricity. However, it is also not an untold secret that the fossil fuels will eventually reduce considering the known reserves of the mentioned fossil fuels. It is also apparent that there has been a considerable increase in the costs related to
What Is the Lower Paleolithic and Its Stone Tool Traditions
Here you can have a look at a piece on human prehistory in early Paleolithic. It provides an answer when was the lower Paleolithic era and describes the most widespread stone tool traditions of that period. Although this is the second part of the bigger study, it could be similarly viewed as separate scientific work. The thing is, with the best essay writing help of our experts, crafting both huge and smaller research papers will be a breeze for you!
Free Organizational Pressures Essay Example
Tables showing both environmental and organization pressures
Every organization is a dynamic entity, which has at its core a variety of forces that impinge upon it both externally as well as internally. How an organization functions as well as the course of action that it takes up is essentially interplay between these varied forces and also the kinds of situations that come into play at different points in time.
Environmental pressures to an organization, as the name implies are those external factors that emanate from the environment that an organization functions and exists in. As a former employee of Hilton hotel and Resort I